11 January 2013

CALABARZON Has Most Number of OFWs

The number of Overseas Filipino Workers has risen to 2.04 million in 2010 from 1.91 million in 2009, according to the National Statistics Coordinating Board (NSCB). The figure was at 2 million in 2008.

Region IV-A or what is known as the CALABARZON (Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon) accounted for the most number of OFWs with 327,000, followed by Central Luzon and the National Capital Region or NCR with 327,000 and 294,000, respectively.

Caraga, MIMAROPA (Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan) and the Cordillera Administrative Region have the least number of OFWs with 29,000, 35,000 and 37,000, respectively. Below is the complete table of OFWs by region.  The data is presented in descending order from most to least number of OFWs.

Region
OFWs
CALABARZON (IV-A)
327,000
Central Luzon (III)
294,000
National Capital Region
282,000
Ilocos Region (I)
194,000
Western Visayas (VI)
170,000
Central Visayas (VII)
135,000
Cagayan Valley (II)
125,000
SOCCSKSARGEN (XII)
86,000
Bicol Region (V)
63,000
ARMM
63,000
Northern Mindanao (X)
61,000
Davao Region (XI)
57,000
Zamboanga Peninsula (IX)
47,000
Eastern Visayas (VIII)
41,000
Cordillera Administrative Region
37,000
MIMAROPA (IV-B)
35,000
Caraga (XIII)
29,000
Total
2,043,000

There are slightly more male OFWs as a national average for 2010; or 11 males for every 10 females. The gender ratio is computed as males over females so that a higher than 1 ratio means that there are more males from a particular region who are working abroad as OFWs.

From Luzon, there are more male OFWs from the CALABARZON, the NCR, Central Luzon, MIMAROPA and the Bicol Region. More females, however, come from the CAR, Ilocos Region and Cagayan Valley.

From the Visayas, there are more male OFWs except from Western Visayas where female OFWs outnumber their male counterparts. Finally, from Mindanao there are predominantly more female OFWs except from Northern Mindanao which has a 1.24 ratio.

Below is the complete table.

Region
M/W
National Capital Region
1.56
Cordillera Administrative Region
0.46
I - Ilocos Region
0.63
II - Cagayan Valley
0.37
III - Central Luzon
1.62
IVA - CALABARZON
1.89
IVB - MIMAROPA
1.11
V - Bicol Region
1.22
VI - Western Visayas
0.91
VII - Central Visayas
1.80
VIII - Eastern Visayas
1.14
IX - Zamboanga Peninsula
0.65
X - Northern Mindanao
1.24
XI - Davao Region
0.68
XII - SOCCSKSARGEN
0.33
XIII - Caraga
1.09
ARMM
0.46
Total
1.09

The average age of OFWs is 34.4 years but as can be seen from the table below, the biggest group in terms of age distribution is from 25-29 years old. Whatever their reasons for leaving, this young group – it is presumed – of OFWs will be spending their most productive economic years abroad.

Age Group
%
15-24
9.60
25-29
25.16
30-34
21.89
38-39
15.26
40-44
11.73
45 and above
16.39

A great percentage of the total number of OFWs – roughly 76% – are engaged in trade and related works; plant and machine operations and assembly; service worker and shop and market sales work; or as labourers and unskilled workers. Those who are in the professional, technician and associate professional group constitute only roughly 10% of all OFWs.

Below is the complete table by job distribution.

Major Occupation Group
%
Officials of government and special-interest organizations corporate executive, managers, managing proprietors and supervisors
2.5
Professionals
9.9
Technician and associate professionals
5.6
Clerk
5.4
Service workers and shop and market sales workers
15.1
Farmers, forestry workers and fishermen
0.3
Trade and related works
14.9
Plant and machine operators and assembler
14.3
Laborers and unskilled workers
32.0

Finally, Asia is still where the most number of OFWs have relocated with more than 80% dispersed around the continent. About 52.7% are in Western Asia which includes Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates.

Major Occupation Group
%
Africa
1.8
Asia
80.2
Australia
2.0
Europe
8.3
North & South America
7.9

* Figures in some tables may not always round up because the individual numbers have been rounded.

Acknowledgment: National Statistics Coordinating Board











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