Lipa, Batangas in Ruins: Photos taken right after World War II

Lipa, Batangas in Ruins:  Photos taken right after World War II
Original caption:  View of the municipality of Lipa, Batangas, showing destruction; looking west from the Lipa Cathedral.  Photo taken by Pfc. Robert Wilson on 8 October 1945.
Original caption:  View of the municipality of Lipa, Batangas, showing destruction; looking west from the Lipa Cathedral.  Photo taken by Pfc. Robert Wilson on 8 October 1945.
A memorandum from General Headquarters of the United States Army Forces in the Pacific Office of the Theater Advocate War Crimes Branch to the Prosecution Section1, with the subject “Lipa Massacre,” included as exhibits several photos showing how badly the municipality of Lipa (as it was in 1945) was destroyed in World War II.

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Batangas Students Make History as the 1st School Ordered Closed in the American Colonial Era 😉

Batangas Students Make History as the 1st School Ordered Closed in the American Colonial Era 😉
A classroom scene during the American era.  Image source:  Philippines from 1900-1915.
A classroom scene during the American era.  Image source:  Philippines from 1900-1915.
On the lighter side of history, from Volume 491 of the Woodstock2 Letters, a publication of the Society of Jesus from 1872 to 1969, we find an example of the sort of “amusing” notoriety that the Batangueño can be capable of. The word “amusing” is used in the context of the present day, as there could not have been anything amusing about the incident at the time events were unfolding.

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The Capture and Looting of Lipa by US Troops in 1900 during the Fil-American War

The Capture and Looting of Lipa by US Troops in 1900 during the Fil-American War
The US Army stationed in front of the Cathedral of San Sebastian.  Image souce:  Hoosiermarine on Flickr.
In December of the year 1899, almost a year after the Philippine-American War had broken out, after clearing the Bulacan towns of Baliuag and San Miguel de Mayumo of Filipino rebels, General Henry Ware Lawton began devising an ambitious plan to sweep down to the south of Luzon, including Batangas1.

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The Philippine Revolution in Batangas during the Tenure of Govenor-General Ramon Blanco

The Philippine Revolution in Batangas during the Tenure of Govenor-General Ramon Blanco
By Original uploader was Saluyot at ilo.wikipedia - Transferred from ilo.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by User:DieBuche using CommonsHelper., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10282344.
While high school history books told us that Batangas was one of eight provinces that first revolted against Spanish colonial rule late in the nineteenth century, and that prominent Batangueños supported the clandestine revolutionary movement, because of the national scope of these books, they also contained little – if at all – about the actual fighting that took place in Batangas when the revolution openly broke out in August of 1896.

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Lemery, Batangas in the 19th Century as Described by a Spanish Historian

Lemery, Batangas in the 19th Century as Described by a Spanish Historian
Modern-day Lemery seen from the opposite banks of the Pansipit River.
Continuing with this web site’s series on late 19th century Batangas as described by the former government official and historian Manuel Sastron, this time we turn our attention on the town of Lemery just across the Pansipit River from the historic town of Taal. This trip back in time comes courtesy of Sastron’s 1895 book “Batangas y Su Provincia1,” a chapter each of which was dedicated to Batangas’ 22 pueblos back in that era.

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Atrocities in Batangas Cited during General Tomoyuki Yamashita’s Trial for War Crimes after WWII

Atrocities in Batangas Cited during General Tomoyuki Yamashita’s Trial for War Crimes after WWII
The Yamashita trial. Image source:  Presidential Museum and Library PH on Flickr.
Mention the name Yamashita in the context of the Second World War and in most likelihood the first thing that comes to most Filipinos’ minds would be the legendary treasures that up to the present day are believed to be stashed away in some still to be discovered hiding place. Tomoyuki Yamashita himself, i.e. the Japanese general who was alleged to have plundered the loot from around Southeast Asia1, likely remains for all intents and purposes unknown to most.

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Francisco Rubio and his Recruitment of Rebel Soldiers in Tanauan in 1900

Francisco Rubio and his Recruitment of Rebel Soldiers in Tanauan in 1900
A military quartel or barracks in Tanauan during the American era.  Image source:  University of Michigan Digital Collections.
On 24 October 1900, one Francisco Rubio was arraigned and tried for charges of “being a spy” by a military commission convened in the town of Tanauan in Batangas1. The trial was presided over by Major John H. Parker of the United States Volunteers 39th Infantry Regiment, with 1st Lieutenant Edward H. White acting as judge-advocate2.

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